Research Article
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Year 2023, Volume: 7 Issue: 2, 67 - 76, 30.12.2023
https://doi.org/10.29002/asujse.1214266

Abstract

Supporting Institution

Batman Üniversitesi BAP

References

  • [1] Zeller, P.C. (1847). Verzeichniss der vom Prof. Loew in der Türkei und in Asien gesammelten Lepidoptera, Isis von Oken, 1, 3-39.
  • [2] Lederer, J. (1865). Excursion Lepidopteroloqiue en Anatolie, Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique, 9, 49-81.
  • [3] Staudinger, O. (1881). Lepidopterenfauna Kleinasien’s, Horae Societatis Entomologicae Rossicae, 16, 65-135.
  • [4] Hesselbarth, G., Van Oorschot, H., Wagener, S. (1995). Die Tagfalter der Türkei unter Berücksichtigung der angrenzenden Länder, Verlag Goecke & Evers, Bochum. Band 3, 1-848.
  • [5] Kemal, M., Koçak, A.Ö. (2013). Notes on the subgenus Polyommatus (Neolysandra) Koçak in East Turkey, with descriptions of new taxa (Lycaenidae, Lepidoptera), Miscellaneous Paper, 160, 5-6.
  • [6] Seven, S. (2014). A new species of blue from Turkey, Neolycaena soezen Seven, sp. n. (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae), SHILAP Revista de lepidopterología, 42(166), 311-317.
  • [7] Carbonell, F. (2015). Un nouvel Agrodiaetus de Turquie (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae), Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 120(4) 463-464. DOI: 10.3406/bsef.2015.2287
  • [8] Koçak, A.Ö., Kemal, M. (2018). A synonymous and distributional list of the species of the Lepidoptera of Turkey, Centre for Entomological Studies, Memoirs, 8, 1-487.
  • [9] John, E., Başbay, O., Seven, E., Kaymaz, N. (2020). Pontia glauconome Klug, 1829 (Lepidoptera: Pieridae, Pierinae) in south-eastern Turkey: confirmation of breeding populations, with notes on the biology of early stages and on a species of the larval parasitoid Hyposoter Förster, 1869 (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae, Campopleginae), Entomologist’s Gazette, 71(1), 27-44. DOI: 10.31184/G00138894.711.1722
  • [10] Çalışkan, S., Hasbenli, A. (2022). The first record of endangered Lycaena helle ([Denis & Schiffermuller], 1775) for Turkey (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae), SHILAP Revista de Lepıdopterologia, 50(197), 51-55. DOI: 10.57065/shilap.185
  • [11] Akın, K. (2008). Studies on the fauna and ecology of Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea (Lepidoptera) in Ceylanpınar district (Şanlıurfa). Msc Thesis, Yüzüncü Yıl University, Turkey. pp. 1-107.
  • [12] Kemal, M., Koçak, A.Ö., Akın, K. (2008). Butterflies of Batman Province (East Turkey) (Lepidoptera), Cesa News, 17, 1-7.
  • [13] Kemal, M., Aydın, M. (2008). List of the Lepidoptera of Diyarbakır Province (East Turkey), Cesa News, 15, 1-6.
  • [14] Kemal, M., Seven, E. (2008). Spring aspect of the diurnal Lepidoptera fauna of Şirvan District (Siirt Province) (South East Turkey), Cesa News, 10, 1-14.
  • [15] Kemal, M., Koçak, A.Ö. (2006). List of the butterflies of Urfa Province (South Turkey) (Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea, Hesperioidea), Miscellaneous Paper, 94, 3-8.
  • [16] Kemal, M., Koçak, A.Ö. (2006). List of the butterflies of Mardin Province (South Turkey) (Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea, Hesperioidea), Miscellaneous Paper, 96, 1-7.
  • [17] Kemal, M., Koçak, A.Ö. (2008). Second attempt for determining the Lepidoptera fauna of Kozluk with notes on some other insects of the District (Batman Prov., East Turkey)-II, Cesa News, 23, 1-4.
  • [18] Seven, E. (2010). Studies on the fauna and ecology of Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea (Lepidoptera) in Şirvan district (Siirt), Priamus (Supplement), 20, 1-118.
  • [19] Seven, E. (2016). New Records for the Lepidoptera Fauna of Batman Province, International Ecology Adnan Aldemir Symposium, 16-19 May, Kars, Turkey, pp. 36-37.
  • [20] Seven, E. (2019). First comprehensive faunistic list on the Lepidoptera species of Batman Province (Southeastern Turkey), Munis Entomology & Zoology, 14(2), 439-447.
  • [21] Aydın, M. (2012). Studies on the fauna and ecology of Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea (Lepidoptera) of the Valley Sarim (Kulp, Diyarbakir), Msc Thesis, Yüzüncü Yıl University, Turkey. pp. 1-87.
  • [22] Koçak, A.Ö., Kemal, M. (2007). Synonymical and distributional List of the species of Şırnak Province (South East Turkey) (Lepidoptera), Miscellaneous Paper, 127, 1-8.
  • [23] Koçak, A.Ö., Kemal, M. (2017). Some vernal Lepidoptera SE Turkey faunistical results of a short trip made in 2017 with some taxonomic and bionomic notes, Cesa News, 133, 1-16.
  • [24] Seven, E., Yıldız, C. (2018). On the Butterflies of Savur District (Mardin Province, Southeastern Turkey), Sakarya University Journal of Science, 22(6), 1907-1916. DOI: 10.16984/saufenbilder.392685
  • [25] Seven, E., Aykal, A. (2019). A Faunistic Investigation on Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera) of Batı Raman Region in Batman Province, Turkey, International Engineering and Science Symposium, 20-22 June, Siirt, Turkey, pp. 8-13.
  • [26] Genç, V., Seven, E., Kaymaz, N. (2021). Determination of Butterflies’ Potential in Tourism Diversification Based on a Route-Planning Case Study in Botan Valley National Park, Turkey, Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Issues, 3(2), 104-123. DOI: 10.51525/johti.997125
  • [27] Akbaba, E., Akın, K. (2022). Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea Fauna of Hizan District (Bitlis), Journal of Agriculture and Nature, 25(5), 1028-1035. DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.928366
  • [28] Alberti, B. (1955). Zur Kenntnis der Gattung Carcharodus Hbn., mit einer Betrachtung zum Art, und Gattungsbegriff, Zeitschrift für Lepidopterologie, 3, 105-142.
  • [29] Evans, W.H. (1949). A Catalogue of the Hesperiidae from Europe, Asia and Australia in the British Museum, Natural History, London.
  • [30] Tolman, T. (1997). Butterflies of Britain and Europe, Harper Collins Publishers, London.
  • [31] Tshikolovets, V.V. (2011). Butterflies of Europe and the Mediterranean Area, Pardubice, Tshikolovets Publications.
  • [32] Wiemers, M., Balletto, E., Dincă, V., Fric, Z.F., Lamas, G., Lukhtanov, V., Munguira, M.L., van Swaay, C.A.M., Vila, R., Vliegenthart, A., Wahlberg, N., Verovnik, R. (2018). An Updated Checklist of the European Butterflies (Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea), ZooKeys, 81, 9-45. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.811.28712

An Analysis of Butterfly Diversity in Kozluk District (Batman) and Their Preferences for Habitat and Altitude

Year 2023, Volume: 7 Issue: 2, 67 - 76, 30.12.2023
https://doi.org/10.29002/asujse.1214266

Abstract

Butterfly species are one of the indicator groups for biodiversity change and habitat monitoring. However, studies on butterfly species' habitat and altitude preferences have rarely been evaluated. A study was carried out on the species diversity of butterfly fauna in different habitats and altitudes from Kozluk district of Batman Province. The survey was conducted in 43 locations between 2020-2021. Evaluations were executed for 1.982 butterfly samples collected from the research area. 103 species are diagnosed in 7 families of butterfly; Argynnidae: 15, Libytheidae: 1, Lycaenidae: 34, Papilionidae: 4, Pieridae: 15, Satyridae: 19, Hesperiidae: 15. Among them, 64 species are newly recorded in Kozluk and 34 species in Batman. The species of Libythea celtis (Laicharting, 1782), together with its family Libytheidae, has been added to the fauna of Batman, and the number of butterfly species in Batman increased from 90 to 124. The altitude and habitat preferences of the specimens in the research area and the number of species in the locations of the families are presented and discussed. The majority of the species are determined in oak forests and riverside biotopes. Geçitaltı is the location with the highest number of species. The butterflies are mostly detected between 600-1000 m altitudes with a rate of 72% in the research area. This study is utilizable both to the specification of the distribution areas of the species and to the learning of their ecology.

References

  • [1] Zeller, P.C. (1847). Verzeichniss der vom Prof. Loew in der Türkei und in Asien gesammelten Lepidoptera, Isis von Oken, 1, 3-39.
  • [2] Lederer, J. (1865). Excursion Lepidopteroloqiue en Anatolie, Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique, 9, 49-81.
  • [3] Staudinger, O. (1881). Lepidopterenfauna Kleinasien’s, Horae Societatis Entomologicae Rossicae, 16, 65-135.
  • [4] Hesselbarth, G., Van Oorschot, H., Wagener, S. (1995). Die Tagfalter der Türkei unter Berücksichtigung der angrenzenden Länder, Verlag Goecke & Evers, Bochum. Band 3, 1-848.
  • [5] Kemal, M., Koçak, A.Ö. (2013). Notes on the subgenus Polyommatus (Neolysandra) Koçak in East Turkey, with descriptions of new taxa (Lycaenidae, Lepidoptera), Miscellaneous Paper, 160, 5-6.
  • [6] Seven, S. (2014). A new species of blue from Turkey, Neolycaena soezen Seven, sp. n. (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae), SHILAP Revista de lepidopterología, 42(166), 311-317.
  • [7] Carbonell, F. (2015). Un nouvel Agrodiaetus de Turquie (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae), Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 120(4) 463-464. DOI: 10.3406/bsef.2015.2287
  • [8] Koçak, A.Ö., Kemal, M. (2018). A synonymous and distributional list of the species of the Lepidoptera of Turkey, Centre for Entomological Studies, Memoirs, 8, 1-487.
  • [9] John, E., Başbay, O., Seven, E., Kaymaz, N. (2020). Pontia glauconome Klug, 1829 (Lepidoptera: Pieridae, Pierinae) in south-eastern Turkey: confirmation of breeding populations, with notes on the biology of early stages and on a species of the larval parasitoid Hyposoter Förster, 1869 (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae, Campopleginae), Entomologist’s Gazette, 71(1), 27-44. DOI: 10.31184/G00138894.711.1722
  • [10] Çalışkan, S., Hasbenli, A. (2022). The first record of endangered Lycaena helle ([Denis & Schiffermuller], 1775) for Turkey (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae), SHILAP Revista de Lepıdopterologia, 50(197), 51-55. DOI: 10.57065/shilap.185
  • [11] Akın, K. (2008). Studies on the fauna and ecology of Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea (Lepidoptera) in Ceylanpınar district (Şanlıurfa). Msc Thesis, Yüzüncü Yıl University, Turkey. pp. 1-107.
  • [12] Kemal, M., Koçak, A.Ö., Akın, K. (2008). Butterflies of Batman Province (East Turkey) (Lepidoptera), Cesa News, 17, 1-7.
  • [13] Kemal, M., Aydın, M. (2008). List of the Lepidoptera of Diyarbakır Province (East Turkey), Cesa News, 15, 1-6.
  • [14] Kemal, M., Seven, E. (2008). Spring aspect of the diurnal Lepidoptera fauna of Şirvan District (Siirt Province) (South East Turkey), Cesa News, 10, 1-14.
  • [15] Kemal, M., Koçak, A.Ö. (2006). List of the butterflies of Urfa Province (South Turkey) (Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea, Hesperioidea), Miscellaneous Paper, 94, 3-8.
  • [16] Kemal, M., Koçak, A.Ö. (2006). List of the butterflies of Mardin Province (South Turkey) (Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea, Hesperioidea), Miscellaneous Paper, 96, 1-7.
  • [17] Kemal, M., Koçak, A.Ö. (2008). Second attempt for determining the Lepidoptera fauna of Kozluk with notes on some other insects of the District (Batman Prov., East Turkey)-II, Cesa News, 23, 1-4.
  • [18] Seven, E. (2010). Studies on the fauna and ecology of Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea (Lepidoptera) in Şirvan district (Siirt), Priamus (Supplement), 20, 1-118.
  • [19] Seven, E. (2016). New Records for the Lepidoptera Fauna of Batman Province, International Ecology Adnan Aldemir Symposium, 16-19 May, Kars, Turkey, pp. 36-37.
  • [20] Seven, E. (2019). First comprehensive faunistic list on the Lepidoptera species of Batman Province (Southeastern Turkey), Munis Entomology & Zoology, 14(2), 439-447.
  • [21] Aydın, M. (2012). Studies on the fauna and ecology of Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea (Lepidoptera) of the Valley Sarim (Kulp, Diyarbakir), Msc Thesis, Yüzüncü Yıl University, Turkey. pp. 1-87.
  • [22] Koçak, A.Ö., Kemal, M. (2007). Synonymical and distributional List of the species of Şırnak Province (South East Turkey) (Lepidoptera), Miscellaneous Paper, 127, 1-8.
  • [23] Koçak, A.Ö., Kemal, M. (2017). Some vernal Lepidoptera SE Turkey faunistical results of a short trip made in 2017 with some taxonomic and bionomic notes, Cesa News, 133, 1-16.
  • [24] Seven, E., Yıldız, C. (2018). On the Butterflies of Savur District (Mardin Province, Southeastern Turkey), Sakarya University Journal of Science, 22(6), 1907-1916. DOI: 10.16984/saufenbilder.392685
  • [25] Seven, E., Aykal, A. (2019). A Faunistic Investigation on Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera) of Batı Raman Region in Batman Province, Turkey, International Engineering and Science Symposium, 20-22 June, Siirt, Turkey, pp. 8-13.
  • [26] Genç, V., Seven, E., Kaymaz, N. (2021). Determination of Butterflies’ Potential in Tourism Diversification Based on a Route-Planning Case Study in Botan Valley National Park, Turkey, Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Issues, 3(2), 104-123. DOI: 10.51525/johti.997125
  • [27] Akbaba, E., Akın, K. (2022). Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea Fauna of Hizan District (Bitlis), Journal of Agriculture and Nature, 25(5), 1028-1035. DOI: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.928366
  • [28] Alberti, B. (1955). Zur Kenntnis der Gattung Carcharodus Hbn., mit einer Betrachtung zum Art, und Gattungsbegriff, Zeitschrift für Lepidopterologie, 3, 105-142.
  • [29] Evans, W.H. (1949). A Catalogue of the Hesperiidae from Europe, Asia and Australia in the British Museum, Natural History, London.
  • [30] Tolman, T. (1997). Butterflies of Britain and Europe, Harper Collins Publishers, London.
  • [31] Tshikolovets, V.V. (2011). Butterflies of Europe and the Mediterranean Area, Pardubice, Tshikolovets Publications.
  • [32] Wiemers, M., Balletto, E., Dincă, V., Fric, Z.F., Lamas, G., Lukhtanov, V., Munguira, M.L., van Swaay, C.A.M., Vila, R., Vliegenthart, A., Wahlberg, N., Verovnik, R. (2018). An Updated Checklist of the European Butterflies (Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea), ZooKeys, 81, 9-45. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.811.28712

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Microbial Ecology
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Mehmet ASTAN 0000-0001-7547-4954

Erdem SEVEN 0000-0002-7587-5341

Project Number 2021-YL-011
Publication Date December 30, 2023
Submission Date December 4, 2022
Acceptance Date August 14, 2023
Published in Issue Year 2023Volume: 7 Issue: 2

Cite

APA ASTAN, M., & SEVEN, E. (2023). An Analysis of Butterfly Diversity in Kozluk District (Batman) and Their Preferences for Habitat and Altitude. Aksaray University Journal of Science and Engineering, 7(2), 67-76. https://doi.org/10.29002/asujse.1214266

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