Research Article
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Year 2022, Volume: 6 Issue: 2, 135 - 151, 30.12.2022
https://doi.org/10.29002/asujse.1113039

Abstract

References

  • [1] G. Davis, Ergonomic best practices/acceptable practices in the masonry, stonework, tile setting industries, Washington State Department of Labor and Industries. (2002)
  • [2] P. Spielholz, G. Davis, J. Griffith, Physical risk factors and controls for musculoskeletal disorders in construction trades, Journal of Construction Engineering and Management 132(10) (2006) 1059–1068.
  • [3] P. Entzel, J. Albers, L. Welch, Best practices for preventing musculoskeletal disorders in masonry: stakeholder perspectives, Applied Ergonomics 38 (2007) 557–566.
  • [4] J.A. Hess, L. Kincl, T. Amasay, P. Wolfe, Ergonomic evaluation of masons laying concrete masonry units and autoclaved aerated concrete, Applied Ergonomics 41 (2010) 477–483.
  • [5] H.F. Van der Molen, S.J. Veenstra, J.K. Sluiter, M.H.W. Frings-Dresen, World at work: bricklayers and bricklayers’ assistants, Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 61 (1) (2004) 89–93.
  • [6] E.B. Holmströmn, J. Lindell, U. Moritz, Low back and neck/shoulder pain in construction workers: occupational workload and psychosocial risk factors. Part 2: Relationship to neck and shoulder pain, Spine 17(6) (1992) 672-677.
  • [7] N. Marks, P. Vi, A Biomechanical Analysis of Laying Concrete Block. Second International Symposium on Ergonomics in Building and Construction, IEA,- Cape Town, South Africa (2000) Available online: http://www. elcosh.org/docs/d0200/d000207/d000207.html.
  • [8] H.F. Van Der Molen, P.P.F.M Kuijer, P.P.W. Hopmans, A.G. Houweling, G.S. Faber, M.J.M Hoozemans, M.H.W. Frings-Dresen, Effect of block weight on work demands and physical workload during masonry work. Ergonomics 51(3) (2008) 355–366.
  • [9] D. Anton, J.C. Rosecrance, F. Gerr, L.A. Merlino, T.M. Cook, Effect of concrete block weight and wall height on electromyographic activity and heart rate of masons, Ergonomics 48(10) (2005) 1314-1330.
  • [10] S. Schneider, P. Susi, Ergonomics and construction: a review of potential hazards in new construction. American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal 55(7) (1994) 635-649.
  • [11] Bureau of Labor Statistics, TABLE R4. Number of Nonfatal Occupational Injuries and Illnesses Involving Days Away from Work by Industry and Selected Events or Exposures Leading to Injury or Illness, Private Industry (2009)
  • [12] E. Holmströmn, U. Moritz, M. Andersson, Trunk muscle strength and back muscle endurance in construction workers with and without low back disorders, Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 24(1) (1992) 3-10.
  • [13] P. Vink, E.A.P Koningsveld, Bricklaying: a step by step approach to better work. Ergonomics, 33(3) (1990) 349-352.
  • [14] H.F. Van Der Molen, B.M. Bulthuis, J.C. van Duivenbooden, A prevention strategy for reducing gypsum bricklayers' physical workload and increasing productivity, International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 21(1) (1998) 59-68.
  • [15] J.M. Brouwer, B.M. Bulthuis, M.J.T. Begemann-Meijer, R.A. Binkhorst, The workload of gypsum bricklayers. The effect of lowering the mass and reducing the size of a gypsum brick. In: Queinnec,Y. and Daniellou,F. (Eds.) Designing for Everyone: Proceedings of the 11th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association, Paris (London: Taylor and Francis), 1 (1991) 278-280
  • [16] H.F. Van Der Molen, S.J. Veenstra, Knowledge bank of construction tasks integral and quantitative health and safety risk assessment. In: Proceedings of the IEA 2000/HFES 2000 Congress (Santa Monica, California: Human Factors and Ergonomics Society), 5 (2000) 625-627
  • [17] V.M. Ciriello, S.H. Snook, L. Hashemi, J. Cotnam, Distributions of manual materials handling task parameters. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 24(4) (1999) 379-388.
  • [18] F.T. Owoeye, A.P. Azodo, W.K. Joshua, The Effect of Burnt Clay Brick Production Process on the Compressive Strength and Water Absorption Properties. SNRU Journal of Science and Technology, 13(2) (2022) 63-70.
  • [19] S.A. Ayuba, F.O. Akamigbo, S.A. Itsegha, Properties of soils in river Katsina-Ala catchments area, Benue State, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Soil Science, 17 (2007) 24-29.
  • [20] P.A. Scott, C.J. Christie, A Preliminary Field Assessment of the Energy Expenditure of Forestry Workers in South Africa. Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting. Proceedings, Industrial Ergonomics, 5 (2004) 1412-1416.
  • [21] P.N. Saha, S.R. Datta, P.K. Banerjee, G.G. Narayane, An acceptable workload for Indian workers Ergonomics, 22(9) (1979) 1059-1071.
  • [22] G. Lehmann, Introduction to safety science, A. Kuhlmann, ed., Springer, New York, (1961)
  • [23] E.H. Christensen, Physiology of work. Encyclopedia of occupational health and safety, L. Parmeggiani, ed., International Labor Organization, Switzerland, (1983)
  • [24] P.O. Astrand, K. Rodahl, Textbook of Work Physiology: Physiological Bases of Exercise. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, (1986)
  • [25] G. Chan, V. Tan, V. D. Koh, Ageing and fitness to work. Occupational Medicine, 50(7) (2000) 483-491.
  • [26] Rampal, Effects of alcohol tobacco and smoking on sports performance and physical fitness. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development 1(7) (2014) 129-131
  • [27] A.P. Azodo, S.O. Ismaila, F.T. Owoeye, Investigation of occupational noise exposure and its physiological effect on landscape gardeners. Proceedings of the 2018 International Conference on SET: A driving force for sustainable development tagged COLENG 2016, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, May 14 - 17, (2018).

Block Laying Heights and Physiological Indices in Masonry Work

Year 2022, Volume: 6 Issue: 2, 135 - 151, 30.12.2022
https://doi.org/10.29002/asujse.1113039

Abstract

This study investigated the physiological response functions of the masons during masonry work using three standard sizes of construction block weights at varying working heights. The assessment involved a repeated job handling design approach. The participants in this study were 12 masons who had at least one year of experience in working with sandcrete blocks and burnt bricks. Each participant constructed 20-block walls, 7 courses high using 9 inches and 6 inches sandcrete blocks and 20-block wall, 11 courses high using burnt bricks. The physiological response data measured were heart rate, body temperature and blood pressures (systolic and diastolic) at each wall height constructed. The ergonomic investigation principle of the work factors affecting masonry work was hinged on known physiological indices (oxygen consumption and energy expenditure rate) to evaluate the degree of the effects of the task on masons. The result obtained showed that the masons experienced different levels of stresses at ground level to knee height, knee height to chest height and neck height while working with the 6 and 9 inches sandcrete blocks. The building construction using burnt bricks recorded varied results, as there were no differences in body temperature, heart rate and blood pressure throughout the wall height. This study concluded that the construction block weights have effect on the physiological response functions of the masons at varying working heights.

References

  • [1] G. Davis, Ergonomic best practices/acceptable practices in the masonry, stonework, tile setting industries, Washington State Department of Labor and Industries. (2002)
  • [2] P. Spielholz, G. Davis, J. Griffith, Physical risk factors and controls for musculoskeletal disorders in construction trades, Journal of Construction Engineering and Management 132(10) (2006) 1059–1068.
  • [3] P. Entzel, J. Albers, L. Welch, Best practices for preventing musculoskeletal disorders in masonry: stakeholder perspectives, Applied Ergonomics 38 (2007) 557–566.
  • [4] J.A. Hess, L. Kincl, T. Amasay, P. Wolfe, Ergonomic evaluation of masons laying concrete masonry units and autoclaved aerated concrete, Applied Ergonomics 41 (2010) 477–483.
  • [5] H.F. Van der Molen, S.J. Veenstra, J.K. Sluiter, M.H.W. Frings-Dresen, World at work: bricklayers and bricklayers’ assistants, Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 61 (1) (2004) 89–93.
  • [6] E.B. Holmströmn, J. Lindell, U. Moritz, Low back and neck/shoulder pain in construction workers: occupational workload and psychosocial risk factors. Part 2: Relationship to neck and shoulder pain, Spine 17(6) (1992) 672-677.
  • [7] N. Marks, P. Vi, A Biomechanical Analysis of Laying Concrete Block. Second International Symposium on Ergonomics in Building and Construction, IEA,- Cape Town, South Africa (2000) Available online: http://www. elcosh.org/docs/d0200/d000207/d000207.html.
  • [8] H.F. Van Der Molen, P.P.F.M Kuijer, P.P.W. Hopmans, A.G. Houweling, G.S. Faber, M.J.M Hoozemans, M.H.W. Frings-Dresen, Effect of block weight on work demands and physical workload during masonry work. Ergonomics 51(3) (2008) 355–366.
  • [9] D. Anton, J.C. Rosecrance, F. Gerr, L.A. Merlino, T.M. Cook, Effect of concrete block weight and wall height on electromyographic activity and heart rate of masons, Ergonomics 48(10) (2005) 1314-1330.
  • [10] S. Schneider, P. Susi, Ergonomics and construction: a review of potential hazards in new construction. American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal 55(7) (1994) 635-649.
  • [11] Bureau of Labor Statistics, TABLE R4. Number of Nonfatal Occupational Injuries and Illnesses Involving Days Away from Work by Industry and Selected Events or Exposures Leading to Injury or Illness, Private Industry (2009)
  • [12] E. Holmströmn, U. Moritz, M. Andersson, Trunk muscle strength and back muscle endurance in construction workers with and without low back disorders, Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 24(1) (1992) 3-10.
  • [13] P. Vink, E.A.P Koningsveld, Bricklaying: a step by step approach to better work. Ergonomics, 33(3) (1990) 349-352.
  • [14] H.F. Van Der Molen, B.M. Bulthuis, J.C. van Duivenbooden, A prevention strategy for reducing gypsum bricklayers' physical workload and increasing productivity, International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 21(1) (1998) 59-68.
  • [15] J.M. Brouwer, B.M. Bulthuis, M.J.T. Begemann-Meijer, R.A. Binkhorst, The workload of gypsum bricklayers. The effect of lowering the mass and reducing the size of a gypsum brick. In: Queinnec,Y. and Daniellou,F. (Eds.) Designing for Everyone: Proceedings of the 11th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association, Paris (London: Taylor and Francis), 1 (1991) 278-280
  • [16] H.F. Van Der Molen, S.J. Veenstra, Knowledge bank of construction tasks integral and quantitative health and safety risk assessment. In: Proceedings of the IEA 2000/HFES 2000 Congress (Santa Monica, California: Human Factors and Ergonomics Society), 5 (2000) 625-627
  • [17] V.M. Ciriello, S.H. Snook, L. Hashemi, J. Cotnam, Distributions of manual materials handling task parameters. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 24(4) (1999) 379-388.
  • [18] F.T. Owoeye, A.P. Azodo, W.K. Joshua, The Effect of Burnt Clay Brick Production Process on the Compressive Strength and Water Absorption Properties. SNRU Journal of Science and Technology, 13(2) (2022) 63-70.
  • [19] S.A. Ayuba, F.O. Akamigbo, S.A. Itsegha, Properties of soils in river Katsina-Ala catchments area, Benue State, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Soil Science, 17 (2007) 24-29.
  • [20] P.A. Scott, C.J. Christie, A Preliminary Field Assessment of the Energy Expenditure of Forestry Workers in South Africa. Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting. Proceedings, Industrial Ergonomics, 5 (2004) 1412-1416.
  • [21] P.N. Saha, S.R. Datta, P.K. Banerjee, G.G. Narayane, An acceptable workload for Indian workers Ergonomics, 22(9) (1979) 1059-1071.
  • [22] G. Lehmann, Introduction to safety science, A. Kuhlmann, ed., Springer, New York, (1961)
  • [23] E.H. Christensen, Physiology of work. Encyclopedia of occupational health and safety, L. Parmeggiani, ed., International Labor Organization, Switzerland, (1983)
  • [24] P.O. Astrand, K. Rodahl, Textbook of Work Physiology: Physiological Bases of Exercise. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, (1986)
  • [25] G. Chan, V. Tan, V. D. Koh, Ageing and fitness to work. Occupational Medicine, 50(7) (2000) 483-491.
  • [26] Rampal, Effects of alcohol tobacco and smoking on sports performance and physical fitness. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development 1(7) (2014) 129-131
  • [27] A.P. Azodo, S.O. Ismaila, F.T. Owoeye, Investigation of occupational noise exposure and its physiological effect on landscape gardeners. Proceedings of the 2018 International Conference on SET: A driving force for sustainable development tagged COLENG 2016, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, May 14 - 17, (2018).

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Daniel Joel AMİNE 0000-0003-0867-2779

Sampson Chisa OWHOR 0000-0003-2126-7903

Adinife AZODO 0000-0002-2373-1477

Publication Date December 30, 2022
Submission Date May 6, 2022
Acceptance Date November 9, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022Volume: 6 Issue: 2

Cite

APA AMİNE, D. J., OWHOR, S. C., & AZODO, A. (2022). Block Laying Heights and Physiological Indices in Masonry Work. Aksaray University Journal of Science and Engineering, 6(2), 135-151. https://doi.org/10.29002/asujse.1113039

Aksaray J. Sci. Eng. | e-ISSN: 2587-1277 | Period: Biannually | Founded: 2017 | Publisher: Aksaray University | https://asujse.aksaray.edu.tr




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